Recognizing Gum Disease

Knowing the signs and symptoms of gum disease (aka periodontal disease) is very important because as this disease progresses it can increase the likelihood that an individual will develop some serious health issues.

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

As gum disease progresses, the symptoms change. Each stage of the disease has its own telltale signs and symptoms.

Here is a comprehensive list of the signs and symptoms associated with gum disease:

  • A receding gumline.
  • Gingival tissue that bleeds with brushing and flossing.
  • Inflamed gums.
  • Consistent bad breath.
  • Unstable teeth.
  • Mouth sores.
  • A change in bite alignment.
  • A metallic taste in the mouth.

Recognizing the Stages of Gum Disease

The four stages of gum disease are:

  1. Gingivitis – At this early stage of the disease, the gums are inflamed, irritated, and likely bleeding while brushing and flossing. At this stage, dentists usually recommend a more thorough oral hygiene routine and additional cleanings with the hygienist.
  2. Early Periodontitis This stage is more severe because the gum disease has been allowed to progress. Now, in order to remove the excess plaque and calculus (i.e., tartar) that has accumulated beneath the gum line, the individual must undergo a treatment referred to as planing and root scaling. Following this treatment, as long as the patient practices good oral hygiene techniques every day and has biannual cleanings, his or her gum tissue can recover.
  3. Periodontitis This stage of gum disease can result in irreversible damage. During this stage, the disease begins spreading to the bone. Any damage caused at this stage is permanent.
  4. Advanced Periodontitis At this fourth stage, the bone continues sustaining damage, and the teeth have become unstable, which means they may begin moving around, eventually falling out. Treatment for advanced periodontitis may include the extraction of teeth.

Gum Disease Can Negatively Affect Other Parts of the Body

When bacteria develop beneath the gum line, white blood cells flood the area and begin attacking the infected gum tissue. If there is a break in the tissue, bacteria can enter the bloodstream. Once it enters the bloodstream, bacteria can cause a severe infection, heart issues, and/or lung issues.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of gum disease, consider scheduling an appointment with Dr. J. Seale at Rayburn General Dentistry.

To schedule a consultation please call 409-698-8800. Rayburn General Dentistry is located at 3303 Recreational Road 255 West in Brookeland, Texas.